Public Administrators and Public Guardians in Illinois are appointed for each county by the Governor to four year terms, and they have to be confirmed by the Illinois Senate. The chief judge of the Circuit Court appoints the public guardian in counties with a population of a million or more. They are not paid by the government, except in counties with over a million in population. The Governor may appoint one person to be public administrator and public guardian of several counties. After appointment, the appointee must become certified as a National Certified Guardian within six months, pay a bond of $5,000, and file an oath in the Circuit Court. Once appointed, an appointee can begin carrying out the duties of public administrator and public guardian. Public Guardians are usually appointed for cases where the assets are greater than $25,000. If assets are below $25,000 the Illinois Office of State Guardian may be appointed depending on the case.